Writing advice abounds out in the blogosphere—I’ve contributed some of it myself. You can find interesting and informative posts on characters, plot, dialogue, and even commas.
But here is one mistake that is literally a story-killer.
You can definitely fix commas. Dialogue can be spiced up, weak verbs replaced—even the plot can be reworked and cut-and-pasted into shape. But if you have a passive protagonist, your story is doomed.
It seems to be the one commonality, no matter what genre you write. If you have a character who just waits for his/her doom in the haunted house, or a fairy tale princess who does nothing but wait for Prince Charming to rescue her, or a soldier in a thriller who’s paralyzed by indecision (for too long—as a plot complication, it’s okay), you’ve denied the reader one of the main payoffs for reading.
I think all of us have times that we’re overwhelmed, and we’re not really the protagonist of our own story. We have to keep that crappy job, or put up with verbally unpleasant relations and neighbors, or our ability to put food on the table might be at the mercy of the weather.
And it feels lousy.
I think we all want to act, to have others sit up and take notice of our actions. Good stories show characters acting. Sometimes they make mistakes, and that’s okay (who can’t relate to that?). But they must make decisions and take action based on this. And these actions must affect the plot. No, more—your protagonist’s decisions must at some point drive it.
Using the three act structure, in act one the antagonist usually drives the plot. But by act two, your protagonist must take the reins of their lives in their own hands, even if all they do is make matters worse (which is quite often the case).
There’s nothing quite like diving into a book where a character takes charge of their own life. I think it gives us hope that sometime, in the not-too-distant future, we may do the same. And in the meantime, we experience a little vicarious stiffening of our emotional sinews.
We act along with the protagonist, putting ourselves in their place. And it feels wonderful. Or awful, when it goes wrong. But at least we’re feeling something other than trapped helplessness.
So make certain your protagonists act, as hard as they can. Your readers will thank you for it.